On this day September 3, 301

Photo Ricardo André Frantz

Photo Ricardo André Frantz

His memorial day is September 3, commemorating the day of the year when he founded San Marino, which is also San Marino’s national holiday. According to legend, he died in the Winter of 366 and his last words were: “Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine.” (“I leave you free from both men”).

The Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino) is a country in the Apennine Mountains. It is a landlocked enclave, completely surrounded by Italy. San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe and the 3rd highest GDP per capita in the world.

San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.

Tradition holds that he was a stonemason by trade who came from the island of Rab on the other side of the Adriatic Sea (modern Croatia), fleeing persecution for his Christian beliefs in the Diocletianic Persecution. He became Bishop of Rimini, until he was accused by an insane woman of being her estranged husband, when he fled to Monte Titano to live as a hermit.

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