On this day October 15, 1966

The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California, by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, the organization is established to promote Black Power and self-defense. It was active in the United States from the mid-1960s into the 1970s.

The Black Panther Party initially set forth a doctrine calling for the protection of African American neighborhoods from police brutality, in the interest of African-American justice.

Its objectives and philosophy changed radically during the party’s existence. While the organization’s leaders passionately espoused socialist doctrine, the Party’s black nationalist reputation attracted an ideologically diverse membership. Ideological consensus within the party was difficult to achieve.

1970 Black Panther Party pamphlet anti-drug

1970 Black Panther Party pamphlet anti-drug

In 1967 the organization marched on the California State Capitol in Sacramento in protest of a ban on weapons.

The official newspaper the Black Panther was also first circulated that year. By 1968, the party had expanded into many cities throughout the United States, including Chicago, Los Angeles, San Diego, Denver, Newark, New York City, and Baltimore.

That same year their newspaper had grown to a circulation of 250,000.

The Ten Point Program

  1. We want power to determine the destiny of our black and oppressed communities’ education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present-day society.
  2. We want completely free health care for all black and oppressed people.
  3. We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of black people, other people of color, all oppressed people inside the United States.
  4. We want an immediate end to all wars of aggression.
  5. We want full employment for our people.
  6. We want an end to the robbery by the capitalists of our Black Community.
  7. We want decent housing, fit for the shelter of human beings.
  8. We want decent education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society.
  9. We want freedom for all black and oppressed people now held in U. S. Federal, state, county, city and military prisons and jails. We want trials by a jury of peers for all persons charged with so-called crimes under the laws of this country.
  10. We want land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace and people’s community control of modern technology.

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