On this day June 5, 1832
The June Rebellion breaks out in Paris in an attempt to overthrow the monarchy of Louis-Philippe. The Rebellion was an unsuccessful, anti-monarchist uprising of Parisian students from June 5 to June 6, 1832.
The rebellion originates in an attempt of the Republicans to reverse the July Monarchy, shortly after the death of the powerful Orleanist President of the Council, Casimir-Perier, on May 16th 1832.
This last outbreak of violence linked with the July Revolution, including its supposed instigation by the death of the popular, nonfictional General Lamarque, was famously described in Victor Hugo’s novel, Les Misérables.
The younger of the groups, the Republicans, was directed by secret societies formed of the most determined members of their party. These men began the insurrection, followed by the malcontents, especially working-men and small boys who came to help them build barricades and fight.
These secret societies led riots similar to the June Rebellion against the ministers of Charles X. The society for “The Rights of Man” directed the insurrection of 1832 in Paris. The Rights of Man Society was organized like an army, divided into sections of 20 members (to evade the law which forbade the association of more than 20 persons), each section having a president and vice president.
In 1832, during the Legitimist uprising in Marseilles, on the occasion of the funeral of General Lamarque, the Republicans, re-enforced by Polish, Italian, and German refugees, gathered around the platform on which the body rested and proposed to proclaim a republic. An insurrection began which for one night made them masters of the east of Paris.
They were then gradually driven back by the national guard and 25,000 soldiers and surrounded in the Saint-Martin quarter, where the movement was crushed by the Battle of Saint-Merry Cloister (June 5-6) at the cost of some 800 killed and wounded. After this, it was clear that the revolutionary movement was over.