Botswana to held elections

The politics of Botswana take place in a framework of a representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Botswana is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.



Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Botswana.

Since independence was declared, the party system has been dominated by the Botswana Democratic Party. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The Republic of Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. Formerly a British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966.

About 60% of the population live above the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. Botswana’s economic growth rate has outpaced the economic growth of even the Asian Tigers, and the World Bank cites Botswana as one of the world’s great development success stories.

The next parliamentary elections are scheduled for October 16 for 61 seats in the National Assembly, the main parties in the electoral race are :

  • Party: Botswana Democratic Party (BDP)
    Leader: Festus MOGAE
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 33
  • Party: Botswana National Front (BNF)**
    Leader: Otswoletse MOUPO
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 6
  • Party: Botswana Congress Party (BCP)
    Leader: Mokgweetsi KGOSIPULA
    Seats won in last National Assembly election: 1

Last election of 2004 was contested by the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and eight opposition parties. 57 seats in the Parliament were contested, with the largest opposition party, the Botswana National Front (BNF), accusing the Independent Election Commission of fundamental errors in its conduct of voter registrations.

30 October 2004 National Assembly of Botswana

Parties Votes % Seats
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) 213,308 51.73 44
Botswana National Front (BNF) 107,451 26.06 12
Botswana Congress Party (BCP) 68,556 16.62 1
Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM) 11,716 2.84
Botswana People’s Party (BPP) 7,886 1.91
New Democratic Front (NDF) 3,237 0.78
MELS Movement of Botswana (MELS) 121 0.03
Independents 104 0.03
Total (turnout 77.2 %) 412,379 100.0 57


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