On this day April 5, 1566
Two-hundred Dutch noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II.
On April 5 of that year Brederode accompanied to the palace a body of 300 confederates, for whom he acted as the spokesman, to present to the regent, Margaret of Parma, a petition setting forth their grievances.
It was at a banquet at the Hotel Culemburg on April 8, presided over by Bréderode, that the sobriquet of les Gueux, or “the Beggars,” was first given to the opponents of Spanish rule. Bréderode, the “Grote Geus” or big beggar, was banished from the Netherlands by Alva, and died in exile shortly afterwards at the early age of thirty-six.
In March of the year 1567, backed by his friend Lenaert Jansz de Graeff and a large part of the bourgeoisie Brederode became the Generalcaptain of the city of Amsterdam. But in the next month Brederode and De Graeff departure and the Spanish General Philippe de Noircarmes became the military leader of Amsterdam.
Hendrik was the descendant of an ancient family active in the affairs of war and peace, which had for some centuries been settled in Holland Northwest of the village of Santpoort at Brederode Castle and after 1418 at Batenstein Castle in Vianen. In 1557 he married Amalia of Neuenahr, daughter of Gumprecht of Neuenahr.