On this day April 13, 1919

British troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India. At least 1200 wounded.

Jallianwalla Bagh in 1919

Jallianwalla Bagh in 1919

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (Hindi: जलियांवाला बाग़ हत्याकांड Jallianwala Bāġa Hatyākāṇḍ), alternatively known as the Amritsar Massacre, was named after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar.

Where, on April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children.

The firing lasted about 10 minutes and 1650 rounds were fired, or 33 rounds per soldier. Official British Raj sources placed the fatalities at 379. According to private sources there were over 1000 deaths, with more than 2000 wounded. Civil Surgeon Dr. Smith indicated that there were 1,526 casualties.

Nigel Collett, the author of a new biography of Reginald Dyer, The Butcher of Amritsar said of Dyer: “As an Englishman, I cannot help but feel sorrow and shame at what he did…The massacre was the worst atrocity by a British officer ever recorded”.

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