The Seychelles become independent from the UK. Britain assumed full control upon the surrender of Mauritius in 1812 and this was formalized in 1814 at the Treaty of Paris.
The Seychelles became a crown colony separate from Mauritius in 1903 and independence was granted in 1976, as a republic within the Commonwealth. In 1977, a coup d’état ousted the first president of the republic, James Mancham, replacing him with France Albert René.
The 1979 constitution declared a socialist one-party state, which lasted until 1991. The first draft of a new constitution failed to receive the requisite 60 percent of voters in 1992, but in 1993 an amended version was approved.