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On this day March 13, 1921

Mongolia was proclaimed an independent monarchy, under Ungern von Sternberg as a dictator.

Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg

Roman Ungern von Sternberg

A mystic who was fascinated by beliefs and religions of the Far East such as Buddhism and who believed himself to be a reincarnation of Genghis Khan.

Ungern von Sternberg’s philosophy was an exceptionally muddled mixture of Russian nationalism with Chinese and Mongol beliefs.

His brief rule of Mongolia was characterised by looting and a reign of terror by his army.

An independent and brutal warlord in pursuit of pan-monarchist goals in Mongolia and territories east of Lake Baikal during the Russian Civil War that followed the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917. Read More…

Mongolia announced a moratorium on executions

Mongolian President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj has announced a moratorium on executions, and will begin to seek its abolition.

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj

On January 14, 2010, in a speech to parliament, Elbegdorj announced that he would pardon all persons sentenced to death, stating that most countries in the world had abolished the death penalty, and Mongolia should follow suit. He also suggested that the death penalty be replaced with a 30 year prison sentence.

The decision was controversial: when Elbegdorj finished his speech, representatives of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party refused to join in the applause, which is customary after a presidential address to parliament.

Human rights groups welcomed the move, with Amnesty International expressing hope that Mongolia will vote in favour of an upcoming United Nations resolution calling for an end to Capital punishment.

It also urged other nations in the region to abolish the death penalty. Read More…

PM of Mongolia resigns for health reasons

Bayor was admitted to a hospital in Ulan Bator in October 2009. Due to his declining health, Bayar announced his resignation in a letter to Mongolia’s parliament one week later on 26 October 2009.

Sanjaagiin Bayar

Sanjaagiin Bayar

A meeting held two days later confirmed that the Mongolian parliament had accepted his resignation. Bayar apologised to those who had voted for him. N. Altankhuyag, the First Vice Prime Minister, was selected as Bayar’s temporary replacement.

Bayar joined the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) in 1988. He became General Secretary of the MPRP in 2005 and was – by 377 to 229 votes – elected Chairman of the MPRP at a party congress in October 2007, defeating incumbent Miyeegombyn Enkhbold. Read More…

Mongolia’s ruling party wins elections

Mongolia’s ruling People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) has been declared winners of the country’s legislative elections, two days after allegations of vote-rigging leveled against the ruling party sparked violent protests in the capital of Ulaanbaatar.

Preliminary results show the MPRP with 47 seats out of 76 in the State Great Khural, General Election Committee spokesman Nergui reported. The opposing Democratic Party won 26 seats, Nergui said, with the remaining seats divided between minor parties.

The official results are expected to be revealed tomorrow. Nevertheless, the preliminary results indicate a decisive victory for the former communist party. Read More…

Mongolia declares state of emergency

A four-day state of emergency has been declared in the capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar after violent protests occurred after allegations of vote rigging and fraud in Sunday’s elections. Reports state that 5 people have been killed, and over 300 injured. The injured were police and protesters alike, suffering from smoke poisoning, rubber bullets, and stoning. Among the injured was a Japanese citizen, who was reportedly flown to Japan in the morning.

Peaceful protests began on Monday evening, however, they were dispersed in the night. The protests on Tuesday began peacefully on Sukhbaatar Square, however as they moved toward the headquarters of ruling party Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party, they were joined by many more people, who began attacking the building with stones, knocking out the windows. Read More…