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On this day March 16, 1968

The massacre My Lai took place in the hamlets of Mỹ Lai and My Khe of Sơn Mỹ village in Vietnam.

Was a mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968, by United States Army soldiers of “Charlie” Company of 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the Americal Division.

Most of the victims were women, children (including babies), and elderly people. Some of the bodies were later found to be mutilated.While 26 US soldiers were initially charged with criminal offenses for their actions at Mỹ Lai, only Second Lieutenant William Calley, a platoon leader in Charlie Company, was convicted.

Found guilty of killing 22 villagers, he was originally given a life sentence, but only served three and a half years under house arrest.

On this day May 8, 1963

In Huế, South Vietnam, soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam opened fire into a crowd of Buddhists protesting against a government ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesākha, killing nine and sparking the Buddhist crisis.

Buddhism Flag

The incident spurred a protest movement by Buddhists against the religious discrimination perpetrated by the Roman Catholic-dominated Diệm regime, known as the Buddhist crisis, and widespread large-scale civil disobedience among the South Vietnamese.

On November 1, 1963, after six months of tension and growing opposition to the regime, generals from the Army of the Republic of Vietnam conducted a coup, which saw the removal and assassination of Ngô Đình Diệm. Read More…

Nuclear Security Summit

President Barack Obama open the 47-nation Nuclear Security Summit in Washington.  The president says he wants new commitments to secure weapons-grade plutonium and uranium to prevent nuclear terrorism.

With concerns about the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea a major backdrop to the conference, this is the biggest U.S.-sponsored gathering of world leaders in more than 60 years.

The New START treaty was signed on April 8, 2010 in Prague by U.S. President Obama and Russian President Medvedev and Iran will hold the Tehran International Conference on Disarmament and Non- Proliferation, 2010, announced on April 4, 2010 and to be held April 17–18, 2010.

The Summit is the largest gathering of heads of state called by a United States president since the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization. Delegations from forty-six governments plus the United States are attending, thirty-eight of which are represented by heads of state or government. Read More…

Deaths as typhoon batters Vietnam

Vietnamese officials have reported that at least 22 people were killed by Typhoon Ketsana, which brought torrential rainfalls and heavy flooding to the central areas of the country.

Typhoon Ketsana

NASA Image Typhoon Ketsana

“According to our official count as of Tuesday afternoon from the local authorities, the typhoon killed 22 people,” said an unnamed official from the country’s national flood and storm committee.

170,000 people were evacuated ahead of the typhoon, which brought peak winds of 90 miles per hour (144 kilometres per hour). Typhoon Ketsana had earlier battered the Philippines, killing over two hundred people there.

Ketsana made landfall in the afternoon on Tuesday, 37 miles south of Danang, the National Weather Center reported.

Flights departing and arriving at the Hue and Danang airports were cancelled due to inclement weather, and fishing boats were ordered to return to shore. Read More…

Flooding affect Vietnam and China

The floods affected north and central Vietnam, as well as southern China after three days of heavy raining. The rainfall, which began October 30, is the heaviest in 24 years, a state meteorological official told the Vietnam News Agency, and were the worst floods in Hanoi since 1984.

Flooding in Hanoi

Flooding in Hanoi

At least 66 in Vietnam and 34 in China have been killed because of the flooding. Overall, 15,000 families evacuated their homes, and almost 100 schools, 100,000 houses, 241,000 hectares of crops, and 25,400 hectares of fish farms were submerged or damaged in the floodwaters.

In Hanoi, 18, including 3 children, were found dead after 13 more bodies were recovered. Up to one meter of water flooded the city’s streets, and transportation was halted.

Food prices, especially those of meat and vegetables, reached exorbitant highs in the city, as the rains ruined many crops. Read More…

On this day October 23, 1955

Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem defeated Emperor Bao Dai in a fraudulent referendum supervised by his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu on the future of the monarchy in South Vietnam.

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PM Ngo Dinh Diem

The State of Vietnam referendum of 1955 determined the future form of government of the State of Vietnam, the nation that was to become the Republic of Vietnam. It was contested by Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem, who proposed a republic, and former emperor Bao Dai.

Bao Dai had abdicated as emperor in 1945 and at the time of the referendum held the title of head of state. Diem won the election, which was widely marred by electoral fraud, with 98.2% of the vote. In the capital Saigon, Diem was credited with over 600,000 votes, even though only 450,000 people were on the electoral roll. He accumulated tallies in excess of 90% of the registered voters, even in rural regions where opposition groups prevented voting. Read More…

On this day September 2, 1945

Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa) was a country on the northern half of Vietnam. It was proclaimed by Hồ Chí Minh in Hà Nội on September 2, 1945 with a declaration of independence, following the August Revolution, as a communist provisional government.

It gathered Tonkin and Annam, provinces of the French Indochina. North Vietnam won the Second Indochina War, which is referred to outside the region as the “Vietnam Conflict”, the “war in Viet Nam” , or more simply, “Vietnam”. The government of North Vietnam took over South Vietnam and it became the larger Vietnam that exists today with the same political system and organization.