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On this day September 29, 1954

Eleven countries signed a convention establishing the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), currently the world’s largest particle physics laboratory.

Blue founding members

Blue founding members

The acronym CERN originally stood, in French, for Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Council for Nuclear Research), which was a provisional council for setting up the laboratory.

The organization was established by the following 11 European governments; Belgium, Denmark, West Germany, France, Greece, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Netherlands and United Kingdom.

Today the organization has twenty European member states, and is currently the workplace of approximately 2,600 full-time employees, as well as some 7,931 scientists and engineers (representing 580 universities and research facilities and 80 nationalities). Read More…

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Nuclear Security Summit

President Barack Obama open the 47-nation Nuclear Security Summit in Washington.  The president says he wants new commitments to secure weapons-grade plutonium and uranium to prevent nuclear terrorism.

With concerns about the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea a major backdrop to the conference, this is the biggest U.S.-sponsored gathering of world leaders in more than 60 years.

The New START treaty was signed on April 8, 2010 in Prague by U.S. President Obama and Russian President Medvedev and Iran will hold the Tehran International Conference on Disarmament and Non- Proliferation, 2010, announced on April 4, 2010 and to be held April 17–18, 2010.

The Summit is the largest gathering of heads of state called by a United States president since the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization. Delegations from forty-six governments plus the United States are attending, thirty-eight of which are represented by heads of state or government. Read More…

Turkey recalls Sweden ambassador

Turkey has recalled its ambassador to Sweden after the Swedish Parliament voted to describe Turkey’s killings of Armenians in World War I as “genocide”.

The Swedish vote came despite the Swedish government’s opposition to the resolution, as several parliament members crossed party lines in the vote, which passed the resolution by a vote of 131–130, with 88 parliament members absent. The Swedish government called the vote a “mistake,” but added that it will not influence their position on the matter. Read More…

On this day February 6, 1992

The Saami people of the Nordic countries have an official day celebrating their existence.

saami_family_1900The Sami National Day falls on February 6 as this date was when the first Sámi congress was held in 1917 in Trondheim, Norway.

This congress was the first time that Norwegian and Swedish Sámi came together across their national borders to work together to find solutions for common problems. Read More…

Pirate Bay guilty

A court in Sweden has found at least four administrators of the file-sharing site The Pirate Bay (TPB) guilty of being “accessories to copyright infringement.” The court ordered Carl Lundström, Fredrik Neij, Gottfrid Svartholm Warg, and Peter Sunde to serve at least one year in prison and pay damages of US$3.5 million (2.7 million).

the_pirate_bay_logo“The Stockholm district court has today found guilty the four individuals that were charged with accessory to breaching copyright laws. The court has sentenced each of them to one year in prison,” said a statement released by the court.

Despite the ruling, TPB says it will not be shut down and file sharing operations will not be affected. “Stay calm — Nothing will happen to TPB, us personally or file sharing whatsoever. This is just a theater for the media,” said a spokesman for TPB. The spokesman also added that TPB “cannot and will not” pay the damages. TPB is expected to file an appeal.

The trial lasted two weeks, and ended on March 2. The lawsuit was filed on behalf of Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Bros. and Columbia Pictures among others. Investigators say at least 33 specific films and songs posted on TPB were tracked by authorities.

SAS to cut 8,600 jobs

Sweden-based airline Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) said it will reduce payrolls by 8,600 jobs as part of its “Core SAS” restructuring plan.

The airline will cut 3,000 staff directly and eliminate 5,600 by divesting business ventures, reducing the workforce by 40% to 14,000. The restructuring comes after SAS posted losses of 6.32 billion Swedish krona in 2008. Read More…

On this day September 14, 2003

In a referendum Sweden rejects adopting the euro as member of the European Union since January 1, 1995.

According to the 1995 accession treaty, Sweden is required to join the eurozone and therefore must convert to the euro at some point. Notwithstanding this, on 14 September 2003, a consultative Swedish referendum was held on the euro.

Some of Sweden’s major parties continue to believe that it would be in the national interest to join, but they have all pledged to abide by the results for the time being, and have shown no interest in raising the issue again. There is an agreement among the parties not to discuss the issue before the 2010 general election. Read More…