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On this day September 29, 1954

Eleven countries signed a convention establishing the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), currently the world’s largest particle physics laboratory.

Blue founding members

Blue founding members

The acronym CERN originally stood, in French, for Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Council for Nuclear Research), which was a provisional council for setting up the laboratory.

The organization was established by the following 11 European governments; Belgium, Denmark, West Germany, France, Greece, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Netherlands and United Kingdom.

Today the organization has twenty European member states, and is currently the workplace of approximately 2,600 full-time employees, as well as some 7,931 scientists and engineers (representing 580 universities and research facilities and 80 nationalities). Read More…

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Nuclear Security Summit

President Barack Obama open the 47-nation Nuclear Security Summit in Washington.  The president says he wants new commitments to secure weapons-grade plutonium and uranium to prevent nuclear terrorism.

With concerns about the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea a major backdrop to the conference, this is the biggest U.S.-sponsored gathering of world leaders in more than 60 years.

The New START treaty was signed on April 8, 2010 in Prague by U.S. President Obama and Russian President Medvedev and Iran will hold the Tehran International Conference on Disarmament and Non- Proliferation, 2010, announced on April 4, 2010 and to be held April 17–18, 2010.

The Summit is the largest gathering of heads of state called by a United States president since the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization. Delegations from forty-six governments plus the United States are attending, thirty-eight of which are represented by heads of state or government. Read More…

On this day April 11, 1919

The International Labour Organization is founded as a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.

ilo_logoIts secretariat — the people who are employed by it throughout the world — is known as the International Labour Office. The organization received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969.

The ILO was established as an agency of the League of Nations in the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I. Post-war reconstruction and the protection of labour unions occupied the attention of many nations during and immediately after World War I. Read More…

Gaddafi calls for Jihad against Switzerland

Libyan leader Colonel Gaddafi has called for Muslims to declare Jihad against Switzerland, citing the recent Swiss ban on the construction of new minarets at Mosques.

Muammar al-Gaddafi معمر القذافـي

Libya and Switzerland have been in a diplomatic dispute since the Swiss arrested one of Gaddafi’s sons in 2008. Gaddafi now states he would invade if the two shared a common border.

Yesterday, the Colonel addressed a gathering in Benghazi to mark the birthday of the Prophet Mohammed.

During the speech, which The New York Times described as ‘rambling,’ he said that “[t]hose who destroy God’s mosques deserve to be attacked through Jihad, and if Switzerland was on our borders, we would fight it.” He called on Muslim nations to reject entry from Swiss ships and aircraft, and asked Muslims to boycott goods from Switzerland.

Libya has already recalled its diplomats and withdrawn its money from Switzerland. Oil shipments were disrupted, and two Swiss nationals were prevented from leaving Libya. Read More…

American UBS client wins appeal in US tax case

An American client of Switzerland-based bank, UBS, has won an appeal in Swiss court on Friday against providing the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) of the United States with relevant information about his offshore accounts.

The Swiss court ruled that the man’s failure to complete an IRS tax form, no matter how much money it pertained to, was not in itself fraudulent behavior. The case calls into question an agreement made between Switzerland and the United States last year in which Swiss tax authorities would supply the IRS with information on nearly 4,500 suspected tax evaders and their respective accounts. Read More…

On this day September 10, 1898

In an act of “propaganda of the deed”, Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni fatally stabbed Elisabeth of Bavaria, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia in Geneva, Switzerland.

Elisabeth of Bavaria 1860 Luigi Lucheni

In a concept that promotes physical violence against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution Lucheni sought to kill a member of what he felt was an elite and oppressive upper class,.

In his diary, Lucheni penned, “How I would like to kill someone – but it must be someone important so it gets in the papers.” Read More…

On this day August 22, 1864

The Red Cross movement led by Henry Dunant officially began when twelve European nations signed the First Geneva Convention, establishing the International Committee of the Red Cross.First Geneva Convention, 1864

On August 22, 1864 several European states congregated in Geneva and signed the First Geneva Convention.

Not only was it the first, it was also the most basic and “derived its obligatory force from the implied consent of the states which accepted and applied them in the conduct of their military operations.” Read More…