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Social apartheid in São Paulo, Brazil

The residential building to the right is located at the rich neighborhood of Morumbi. The precarious habitations to the left are part of Paraisópolis, one of the largest slums in the city.

Brazil ranks 49.3 in the Gini coefficient index, with the richest 10% of Brazilians receiving 42.7% of the nation’s income, while the poorest 10% receive less than 1.2%.

6.5 magnitude earthquake hits Acre, Brazil

A 6.5 magnitude earthquake occurred in Acre, a Brazilian state, at 16:18:29 UTC (11:18 local time), United States Geological Survey (USGS) reported. It had a depth of 565.3 kilometers.

Brazil earthquake shakemap

The epicenter was located 125 kilometers east-southeast of Cruzeiro do Sul, Brazil, 330 kilometers east of Pucallpa, Peru, 460 kilometers south-southwest of Tabatinga, Brazil, and 2700 kilometers west-northwest of Brasilia, Brazil.

A civil defence service spokesman in Cruziero do Sul reported to Times Live that the quake was unnoticed. “This zone suffers a lot of earthquakes, but the last one we really felt was 20 days ago. We didn’t register any disorder or damage on the surface,” he said.

“Generally speaking, quakes more than 500 kilometres deep don’t leave signals in the surface, they are only detected by instruments,” said an official of Brazil’s Seismological Observatory to AFP.

Brazil lead nuclear compromise with Iran

Iran, Turkey, and Brazil emerged with an agreement yesterday from talks regarding Iran’s nuclear program.

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva at UN

The eighteen-hour discussion in Tehran yesterday included Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who acted as a neutral broker in the deal.

Lula da Silva also visited Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader of Iran, although only Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was actively involved in the talks.

Prior to the meeting, many had thought the chance of an agreement slim. Iran, however, seemed to be open to new ideas. Iranian atomic director Ali Akbar Salehi said Saturday that “things are moving along positively” in regard to such proposals. Iran had originally refused to trade its uranium, but seemed to indicate last week that it had changed its mind. Read More…

On this day April 22, 1500

Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.

His commission was to establish permanent commercial relations and to introduce Christianity wherever he went, using force of arms if necessary.

The nature of the undertaking led rich Florentine merchants to contribute to the equipment of the ships and also led priests to join the expedition.

Among the captains of the fleet, which consisted of 13 ships with 1,500 men, were Bartolomeu Dias, Pêro Vaz de Caminha, Sancho de Tovar and Nicolau Coelho, the latter the companion of Vasco da Gama. Vasco da Gama himself gave the directions necessary for the course of the voyage. Read More…

On this day April 21, 1960

Brasília, a planned city primarily designed by architect and urban planner Lúcio Costa, was officially inaugurated, replacing Rio de Janeiro as the capital of Brazil.

Brasília

Brasília

The city is a world reference for urban planning. The locating of residential buildings around expansive urban areas, of building the city around large avenues and dividing it into sectors, has sparked a debate and reflection on life in big cities in the 20th century. Read More…

Nuclear Security Summit

President Barack Obama open the 47-nation Nuclear Security Summit in Washington.  The president says he wants new commitments to secure weapons-grade plutonium and uranium to prevent nuclear terrorism.

With concerns about the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea a major backdrop to the conference, this is the biggest U.S.-sponsored gathering of world leaders in more than 60 years.

The New START treaty was signed on April 8, 2010 in Prague by U.S. President Obama and Russian President Medvedev and Iran will hold the Tehran International Conference on Disarmament and Non- Proliferation, 2010, announced on April 4, 2010 and to be held April 17–18, 2010.

The Summit is the largest gathering of heads of state called by a United States president since the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization. Delegations from forty-six governments plus the United States are attending, thirty-eight of which are represented by heads of state or government. Read More…

Israeli FM boycotts Brazil’s President Lula

Israel’s foreign minister has reportedly boycotted Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s tour of the Middle East.

Theodor Herzl בנימין זאב הרצל‎

Avigdor Lieberman did not attend Lula’s address at the Knesset or his meeting with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.

According to close sources, Lieberman refused to attend over President Lula’s refusal to visit and a lay a wreath on the grave of Zionist movement founder Theodor Herzl.

Israel created a policy to honour Herzl’s 150th birthday by having all visiting heads of state lay a wreath on his grave, however Lula’s staff said they were only informed a week before his visit when his schedule had already been planned. Read More…