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Another earthquake hit Chile

On late Monday, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) has reported another earthquake at 19:09:43 local time (23:09:43 UTC).

Image: USGS

The epicenter was located 110 kilometers northwest of Temuco; 132 kilometers southwest of Concepción; 203 kilometers north of Valdivia and 558 kilometers southwest of Santiago.

The USGS later determined that the earthquake had a depth of 20.6 kilometers, and the epicenter was located 55 kilometers to the south of Lebu.

The University of Chile Geological Survey reported that the earthquake took place 71 kilometers at the west of Tirúa in the Bío Bío Region and had a depth of 22.9 kilometers.

Wikinews’ Diego Grez reported that the earthquake was clearly felt in Pichilemu, almost 300 kilometers to the north of the epicenter. ONEMI reported no casualties.

Chile revives fears of earthquake

Another strong aftershock hit Chile early Sunday morning. The aftershock reached a magnitude of 5.9 with the epicenter located 19 kilometers west of Pichilemu, according to the University of Chile Geological Survey (UCGS).

The UCGS has also reported that the quake reached a depth of 30.1 kilometers and that the intensities in the Mercalli scale were: Pichilemu, Navidad and Talca: VI; Rancagua, Santa Cruz, Lolol and San Fernando: V; Casablanca, San Antonio and Santo Domingo: IV; La Calera, La Ligua, Limache, Los Andes, Papudo, Petorca, Quillota, Santiago de Chile, Valparaíso and Viña del Mar: III.

However, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) reported that it reached a magnitude of 5.8; had a depth of 8,5 kilometers; and that the epicenter was located 65 kilometers at the southwest of San Antonio, Valparaíso; 100 kilometers at the west of Rancagua, O’Higgins 105 kilometers at the northwest of Curicó, Maule and; 135 kilometers at the southwest of Santiago, Metropolitan Region.

ONEMI (National Emergencies Office), reported that Talca, located 258 kilometers south of Santiago, was the city where the aftershock was felt the strongest. Pablo Marín of ONEMI told TV Chile no casualties were reported and only some telephone lines had collapsed.

Nuclear Security Summit

President Barack Obama open the 47-nation Nuclear Security Summit in Washington.  The president says he wants new commitments to secure weapons-grade plutonium and uranium to prevent nuclear terrorism.

With concerns about the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea a major backdrop to the conference, this is the biggest U.S.-sponsored gathering of world leaders in more than 60 years.

The New START treaty was signed on April 8, 2010 in Prague by U.S. President Obama and Russian President Medvedev and Iran will hold the Tehran International Conference on Disarmament and Non- Proliferation, 2010, announced on April 4, 2010 and to be held April 17–18, 2010.

The Summit is the largest gathering of heads of state called by a United States president since the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization. Delegations from forty-six governments plus the United States are attending, thirty-eight of which are represented by heads of state or government. Read More…

Chilean government confirms 452 dead

Chilean Goverment confirmed 452 deaths caused by the earthquake and tsunami that struck the central and south zones of Chile on February 27 and the Pichilemu earthquake on March 11. The official death toll was released yesterday by the Interior Undersecretary Rodrigo Ubilla.

Ubilla explained that “after a rigorous work in which participated Carabineros, the Investigation Police, the Medical Legal Service, and the Civil Registry, and was later checked by the Interior Undersecretary, we made a unique list of dead people and of denunciations of presumed dead.”

In spite of this, Ubilla said that there are just 359 identified dead people, with death certificates and cause of death. He added that in 67 other cases, the dead people were identified by RUT (identification number), but there are no death certificates issued, that is the tool “that allows us to clarify if the death was produced directly by the earthquake or the tsunami.” Carabineros reports, at least, 97 presumed disgraces denunciations, related to the cataclysm.

Blackout affects much of Chile

A power outage affected many areas of Chile this night. It is presumed to have been caused by a fault in the Chilean Sistema Interconectado Central (Central Interconnected System).

Power was cut off between Taltal and Chiloé, including cities like Santiago, Valparaíso, La Serena, Pichilemu and Talca, at 20:50 (23:50 UTC). After twenty minutes, power was restored in some parts of Providencia.

It surprised the people that were in shopping centers and in massive events, like the game between Deportes La Serena and Audax Italiano, which was cancelled, and the solidary concert “Rock por Chile” (“Rock for Chile”) that was being performed in Santiago’s Movistar Arena. The outage also interrupted the Chilean Subway. Read More…

8.8 magnitude earthquake hits Chile

An 8.8 magnitude earthquake was recorded in Chile on Saturday, killing at least 78 people and causing significant structural damage. Sea level recording triggered a tsunami warning for Chile, Peru, and Ecuador. This was later extended to Colombia, Antarctica, and Central America. The earthquake was felt in Chillan, Talca, Concepcion, and the capital Santiago.

The earthquake, which started at 06.34.14 UTC, was felt as far as Argentina. The Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Center has issued a tsunami warning for Australia in the wake of the quake. Read More…

Conservative Pinera wins Chile polls

Sebastian Pinera has won recent elections in Chile, becoming the first conservative president in 52 years. Former president and candidate Eduardo Frei, meanwhile, conceded losing the elections.

Sebastian Pinera

With 99% of votes counted, official returns showed Pinera with 52% of the vote and Frei with 48%. The new president will succeed the outgoing president, Michelle Bachelet. She cannot run for a second consecutive term.

Pinera, a Harvard-educated economist, lost to Bachelet in the last presidential vote in 2006. He owns a television station, a soccer team and a stake in the Chilean LAN Airlines.

“Better times are coming for Chile. There is a great new phase on the way. After 20 years I think a change will be good for Chile. It’s like opening the windows of your home to let fresh air come in,” Pinera said. He will take power in March.

Meanwhile, Frei, in his concession speech, commented that “Chile is much better than the country we received in 1990. We will be guardians of liberty and of all our social victories.”

On this day January 19, 1817

An army of over 5,400 soldiers led by General José de San Martín crossed the Andes from Argentina to liberate Chile and then Peru from Spanish rule.

The Crossing of the Andes was one of the most important feats in the Argentine and Chilean wars of independence, in which a combined army of Argentine soldiers and Chilean exiles liberated Chile from Spanish rule, in order to protect their country from possible Spanish incursions.

Setting out in 1817, from Mendoza, Argentina, the goal of the crossing of the Andes, was to enter Chile and attack the Royalist forces (Spanish) by surprise. The ultimate goal was the liberation of Chile from Spanish rule with Argentine forces. Led by Jose de San Martin, the crossing took twenty-one days.