British troops massacre at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India. At least 1200 wounded.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (Hindi: जलियांवाला बाग़ हत्याकांड Jallianwala Bāġa Hatyākāṇḍ), alternatively known as the Amritsar Massacre, was named after the Jallianwala Bagh (Garden) in the northern Indian city of Amritsar.
Where, on April 13, 1919, British Indian Army soldiers under the command of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. Read More…
American civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, US.
At 6:01 p.m. on Thursday, while he was standing on the motel’s second floor balcony, King was struck by a single .30 bullet fired from a Remington 760 Gamemaster.
The bullet travelled through the right side of his neck, smashing his throat and down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder.
King was rushed to St. Joseph’s Hospital, where doctors opened his chest and performed manual heart massage. He was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. According to Taylor Branch, King’s autopsy revealed that though he was only 39 years old, he had the heart of a 60 year old man.
Almost 100 Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio died at the hands of Pennsylvanian militiamen in a mass murder known as the Gnadenhutten massacre.
The massacre, also known as the Moravian massacre, was the killing on March 8, 1782, of ninety-six Christian American Indians by American militia from Pennsylvania during the American Revolutionary War. Read More…
Five Americans, including a black man named Crispus Attucks, and a boy are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.
A tense situation because of a heavy British military presence in Boston boiled over to incite brawls between soldiers and civilians and eventually led to troops discharging their muskets after being attacked by a rioting crowd.
Three civilians were killed at the scene of the shooting, and two died after the incident. Read More…
Israeli physician Baruch Goldstein opened fire on Muslim Arabs praying at the mosque in Hebron’s Cave of the Patriarchs, killing 29 people and wounding 125 others.
Baruch Goldstein, an Israeli-American settler, off-duty IDF army reservist and member of the extremist Kach movement, opened fire on the worshippers.
According to Israeli reports 29 Palestinians were killed and 125 wounded, while Palestinian sources stated that up to 52 people were shot to death. Read More…
Black nationalist Malcolm X was assassinated while giving a speech in New York City’s Audubon Ballroom.
Malcolm X began to speak to a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity when a disturbance broke out in the crowd of 400.
A man yelled, “Nigger! Get your hand outta my pocket!” As Malcolm X and his bodyguards moved to quiet the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot Malcolm X in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun. Read More…
Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno, best-known as a proponent of heliocentrism and the infinity of the universe, was burned at the stake as a heretic by the Roman Inquisition.
In addition to his cosmological writings, he also wrote extensive works on the art of memory, a loosely-organized group of mnemonic techniques and principles.
He is often considered an early martyr for modern scientific ideas, in part because he was burned at the stake as a heretic by the Roman Inquisition.
Bruno was deeply influenced by magical views of the universe inherited from Arab astrological magic, Neoplatonism and Renaissance Hermeticism.
Other recent studies of Bruno have focused on his qualitative approach to mathematics and his application of the spatial paradigms of geometry to language. Read More…