Tag Archive | Education

On this day June 9, 1650

The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. It is the first legal corporation in the Americas.

The President and Fellows of Harvard College (also known as the Harvard Corporation) is the more fundamental of Harvard University’s two governing boards. (The other is the Harvard Board of Overseers.)

On 9 June 1650, at the request of President Henry Dunster, the Great and General Court of Massachusetts (i.e., the colonial legislature) issued the body’s charter, making it the oldest corporation in The Americas. In fact, due to the history of the Harvard Corporation, its set of laws is written into the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Read More…

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On this day May 20, 1293

Sancho IV, King of Castile and León, established the Studium Generale what is now the Complutense University of Madrid, today one of the top public universities in Spain.

Sancho IV

In 1499, Pope Alexander VI granted the request of one of its former pupils, Cardinal Cisneros, to convert it into a full university; the Papal Bull renamed the institution Universitas Complutensis.

In the 1509-1510 school year, the Complutense University operated with five faculties: Arts and Philosophy, Theology, Canon Law, Philology and Medicine.

The University flourished in the 16th century, especially under the early benefaction of Cisneros who, as Archbishop of Toledo, was able to endow it richly.

Cisneros attracted many of the world’s foremost linguists and biblical scholars to Alcalá to produce the magnum opus of the University, the Biblia Políglota Complutense or Complutensian Polyglot Bible, printed in five massive volumes (including a popular glossary volume) complete in 1517, but delayed publication by Papal order until 1520 (distribution probably later in 1522). Read More…

India launches children’s right to education

Children in India gain a legal right to a free education, the act, which was passed by the Indian parliament on 4 April 2009, describes the modalities of the provision of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution.

India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010.

The act also provides for establishment of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights and State Commissions for supervising of proper implementation of the act, looking after the complaints and protection of Child Rights. Other provisions regarding improvement of school infrastructure, teacher-student ratio and faculty have also been provided in the act. Read More…

On this day January 15, 2001

Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, goes online as a single English-language edition at http://www.wikipedia.com, and announced by Sanger on the Nupedia mailing list.

Wikipedia’s policy of “neutral point-of-view” was codified in its initial months, and was similar to Nupedia’s earlier “nonbiased” policy. Otherwise, there were relatively few rules initially and Wikipedia operated independently of Nupedia. Read More…

On this day December 9, 1425

Pope Martin V issued a papal bull establishing the Catholic University of Leuven, the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium.

In the 15th century the city of Leuven, with the support of John IV, Duke of Brabant, made a formal request for a university. Pope Martin V issued a papal bull dated 9 December 1425 founding the University in Leuven as a Studium Generale. Read More…

Taliban and girls’ education on Pakistan

Police in northwestern Pakistan said that suspected Taliban militants have blown up a primary school that educated girls on Tuesday. Officials say there were no casualties in the blast, which occurred on the outskirts the city of Peshawar, because the school was closed for the Eid al-Fitr holiday marking the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.

“The school building, was destroyed in the blast,” said a local police official. by a timed explosive device. Al-Qaeda and Taliban-linked militants who oppose the education of women have destroyed hundreds of girls’ schools across the country. Almost 200 schools were destroyed in the Swat valley after a two-year campaign to enforce sharia law was made by Maulana Fazaullah, a radical Islam cleric. Read More…

On this day September 15, 1616

The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.on the initiative of Saint Joseph Calasanz.

Frascati 1620

Frascati 1620

One year later, Pope Paul V approved the “Congregation of the Pious Schools,” the first religious institute dedicated essentially to teaching.

During the following years Calasanctius established Pious Schools in various parts of Europe.

As recognized by Ludwig Von Pastor, Joseph Calasanctius was the founder of the first free public school in modern Europe.

It was a revolutionary initiative, a radical break with the class privileges that kept the masses marginalized and in poverty.

In the history of education, Joseph Calasanctius is the great educator of the poor, offering education free of charge to all classes of society, without discrimination. Read More…