The UN has certified that the Delhi Metro has aided in the reduction of greenhouse gases, earning ‘carbon credits’. This makes the Delhi Metro the first of its kind in the world to do so.
This comes under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the UN under the Kyoto Protocol. The UN said the rail based system has helped to save 630,000 tonnes of pollution a year. The credits to the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) are worth $9.5 million for each of the next seven years. More credits would be given for more passengers on the system.
The credits are designed as a financial incentive for developing countries to reduce greenhouse emissions.
The Delhi Metro was started in 2002. According to the DMRC, it has reduced road traffic by more than 91,000 vehicles per day.
The 2010 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 16) negotiations continued this week in Bonn, Germany. The 4,500 attendees include government delegates from 182 governments, representatives from business and industry, environmental organizations and research institutions. COP 16 which will be held in Cancún, Mexico in November.
Luis Alfonso de Alba, Mexico’s special representative for climate change, told Reuters, “Mexico does not want to raise false expectations but we certainly are ambitious”.
Negotiating under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the next negotiating session will take place in August, followed by a second one-week intersessional meeting in June, before Cancún. The talks were designed to discuss issues that were not resolved at the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 15) in Copenhagen. Read More…
Amoco Corporation, In May 2008, US BP stations mostly discontinued use of the “Amoco Fuels” logo as BP introduced its new brand of fuel, “BP Gasoline with Invigorate”. The only remaining usage of the Amoco name is the brand of BP’s highest grade, 93-octane “Amoco Ultimate”.
ARCO which became a subsidiary of UK-based BP in 2000 officially known as BP West Coast Products originally formed by the merger of East Coast-based Atlantic Refining and California-based Richfield Petroleum in 1966. ARCO is headquartered in La Palma, California.
Castrol is a brand of industrial and automotive lubricants which is applied to a large range of oils, greases and similar products for most lubrication applications. The Castrol brand is part of the BP Group of companies, but has retained its separate identity. Read More…
The top kill procedure implemented by BP on the leaking Deepwater Horizon oil well on Wednesday has failed.
According to David Suttles, BP’s chief operating officer, “We have been unable to overcome the flow.” Suttles stated that after studying three days of results, BP determined that the procedure was a failure.
On Wednesday, BP began pumping mud into the leaking well, a procedure known as top kill. BP chief executive Tony Howard said it would take at least 24 hours to determine if the procedure was successful. The procedure has worked before in surface situations, but was not previously attempted at 5,000 feet underwater. Read More…
A US Coast Guard official said today that BP’s latest effort to plug the Gulf of Mexico oil spill has been successful in slowing the amount of oil leaking from the well.
The official, Admiral Thad Allen, said that the procedure, known as a “top kill” operation, has been able to block some of the leaking oil at the source, the top of the damaged well.
The operation involves pumping material into the well to plug the leak before cement is used to permanently seal the leak. Allen said the the operation has “been able to force mud down and not allow any hydrocarbons to come up.”
BP hasn’t confirmed the success of the top kill operation, saying only that the “operation is proceeding as we planned it,” and that there had been no major incidents thus far. Although the possibility of failure is still present, experts say that the longer the procedure continues, the less likely it will be that anything goes wrong. Read More…
US scientists say that oil from the spill in the Gulf of Mexico has reached the Loop Current, which could propel the oil towards the coast of Florida.
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), limited amounts of oil have entered the current, and could reach Florida’s coast in as few as six days, although it would be highly diluted by the time it did so. Other estimates place the time before oil reaches Florida as closer to ten days.
Satellite images show oil moving south from the main slick into the current, which is a rapidly-moving body of water that flows from the Caribbean Sea towards the Atlantic Ocean. The speed of the current is predicted to disperse the oil that is picked up, which would lead to difficulties in tracking it. Read More…
Scientists estimate that the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, resulting from the Deepwater Horizon disaster may be significantly worse than initially thought.
On May 15, researchers from the University of Southern Mississippi aboard the research vessel RV Pelican identified enormous oil plumes in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico, including one as large as 10 miles long, 3 miles wide and 300 feet thick in spots.
The shallowest oil plume the group detected was at about 2,300 feet, while the deepest was near the seafloor at about 4,200 feet. Other researchers from the University of Georgia have found that the oil may occupy multiple layers “three or four or five layers deep”. Read More…