The Libyan–Egyptian War, a short border war between Libya and Egypt over political conflicts, ended after the combatants agreed to a ceasefire organized by Algeria.
Mediation by Algeria and Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yassir Arafat finally led to a ceasefire. Egyptian President Sadat gave his forces instructions to stop all attacks on 24 July 1977 and agreed upon an armistice.
Even after the fighting ended, the rift between Arab states remained, however. Many conservative Arab countries had sympathy for Egypt and Sadat, while the so-called social revolutionary–progressive Arab states endorsed Libya and Gaddafi. An editorial in The New York Times summed up an American perspective of the war by quoting a Palestinian: “If the Arabs haven’t got Israel to fight, they will be fighting each other.” Read More…
Sirimavo Bandaranaike is elected prime minister of Sri Lanka and becomes the first woman in the world to held this position.
Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike (April 17, 1916 – October 10, 2000) was a Sri Lankan politician and she served as Prime Minister of Ceylon and Sri Lanka three times, from 1960 to 1965, 1970 to 1977 and 1994 to 2000 and was long time leader of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party.
On her husband Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike’s assassination, Bandaranaike took over the leadership of his Sri Lanka Freedom Party kept it for forty years until her death, became a Senator and lead her party to an election victory in 1956. Read More…
Jacques Necker is dismissed as France’s Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille.
Louis XVI, acting under the influence of the conservative nobles of his privy council, dismissed and banished his finance minister, Jacques Necker, who had been sympathetic to the Third Estate, and completely reconstructed the ministry.
The marshal Victor-François, duc de Broglie, la Galissonnière, the duc de la Vauguyon, the Baron Louis de Breteuil, and the intendant Foulon, took over the posts of Puységur, Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin, La Luzerne, Saint-Priest, and Necker. Read More…
Kan emerged as the successor to Yukio Hatoyama after his resignation as Prime Minister and DPJ leader and the resignation of Hatoyama’s backer in the party, DPJ Secretary General Ichiro Ozawa.
Foreign minister Katsuya Okada and transportation minister Seiji Maehara were also considered possible successor to Hatoyama immediately after the latter’s announcement, but both quickly announced support for Kan.
Another less well known contender, Shinji Tarutoko, a legislator who leads the environmental policy committee in the lower house of Parliament, was defeated.
He gained national popularity in 1996 when as health minister he exposed the minister’s responsibility for the spread of tainted blood.
At that time, he was a member of a small party forming the ruling coalition with the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). His action was completely unprecedented and was applauded by the mainstream media and the public.
Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama resigned today, following a controversial move regarding a US military base.
Hatoyama told a news conference broadcast nationwide that he will step down after a broken campaign promise to move a US Marine base off the southern island of Okinawa. The decision to resign followed poor poll ratings for Japan’s Democratic Party in an upcoming parliamentary election.
Members of the party have called for Hatoyama’s resignation in order to preserve their chances of victory in the election. He is expected to formally resign before a meeting of party leaders today. Read More…
In their first national referendum in over two hundred years, Dutch voters rejected the ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union.
According to a poll  by Maurice de Hond, 30 % of the Constitution’s opponents used the referendum as an opportunity to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the government, instead of confining their deliberations to the contents of the treaty that was put before them.
At the time of the referendum, the Netherlands’ centre-right coalition government, led by Jan Peter Balkenende, was suffering a period of unpopularity as it tried to push through cuts in public spending, and there was widespread disillusion with the country’s political elite. Read More…
Today Köhler announced his resignation as President of Germany. This came after German politicians criticized comments made by Köhler in relation to overseas military deployments.
“In my estimation, we are in general on our way, indeed in our society as a whole, to understand that a country of our size, with that orientation and therefore dependency on export, needs to know, that in case of doubt or emergency a military deployment is necessary, to preserve our interests, for example free trade routes, for example preventing regional instability, which will assuredly affect negatively our chances to safeguard jobs and income through exports.”
Horst Köhler, Interview with Deutschland radio, on 22 May 2010.
He issued a statement saying, “I declare my resignation from the Office of President, with immediate effect.” The resignation was considered a “surprise,” and both pundits and opposition politicians labelled it “an overreaction.”
As stipulated by the Grundgesetz, the powers of the vacant office are executed by the President of the Bundesrat Jens Böhrnsen.